Cancer screening tests are usually attempts to detect cancer at an initial stage to increase the odds of a full recovery before it is too late to recover. General cancer tests are done to detect signs of cancer in your body and specialized cancer tests are done to detect specific cancer types in your body. The exact type of cancer tests you should go for depends on which cancer risk group you currently belong to.
What Is My Risk Of Getting Cancer?
There are 3 types of cancer risk groups:
Low risk (<15% lifetime risk)
Medium risk (15% – 20% lifetime risk)
High risk (> 20% lifetime risk)
The lifetime risk is the chance in which you may get a particular type of cancer in your lifetime. When you go to a doctor for cancer screening, you will be classified into one of the groups above according to your lifestyle, environment, gender, age, race and family history of cancer. For instance, a man in his fifties who works in a factory, lives in a polluted place and generally smokes 10 cigarettes per day may be putted under high risk group.
It is important that you look up the cancer screening guidelines to make sure your doctor is providing the right combination of cancer tests. Some tests may not give you all the confirmation you need therefore having the right tests is very important to detect any signs of cancer in timely manner. Going through more tests than you needed may only result in you spending a lot of unnecessary time and money.
What Are The Cancer Tests I Need To Do?
The tests you will be going through should involve some or all of the following:
Visual investigation of any lesions on your body, mouth, eyes, genitals, etc.
Palpation tests to feel for any unusual lumps or tumors in your breasts, prostate, neck and other parts of your body.
Endoscopy, X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scans, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans or ultrasound scans
Lab tests like Biological Terraine Assessment (BTA), blood tests, pap smears, Anti-malignin antibody screen (AMAS) or Cancer Marker Tests.
It should be always kept in mind that cancer can strike when you least expect It.
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